Manuscript[Early Science] Three University of Pittsburgh student notebooks belonging to Stephen R. Washko from the school’s Pharmacy program. All three books are dated from September 1908 through November 1909. Each contains handwritten notes in pencil covering chemistry, pharmacy and Latin. Each around 7.5” x 9.5” in. Original black cloth boards. Two are 136 pages, one is 170 pages. Each is handwritten in pencil throughout. The first book has 28 blank pages towards the end, while the other 2 are completely handwritten on every page.
The first page from the first book reads: “Notes of U of P College” with descriptions of “science,” “art,” “physics,” “chemistry,” “composition” and “botany.” Contains several chemistry-related diagrams and drawings throughout, including one labeled “angle of reflection,” with a description stating: “angle of reflection equal to the angle of incidents.” Other sections are titles “Galenical Pharmacy” which include definitions and notes such as: “the greater the pressure the less the volume” and “chemistry is the building of molecules from atoms. Atoms are built up of small corpuscles.” Several small pencil drawings are also present including rough sketches and portraits done in profile. There is much more writing in over 100 pages of notes and almost all of it of a scientific nature related to pharmacy and chemistry.
The second book starts on 9-7-1909 with "Organic Drugs, Animal Origin," stating: "These are based on experience, also the manner of their preparation, USP recognizes 30% of these drugs.." Beneath it: "Whole drug bodies of insect." and "Cantharidis.." On the following pages are lists of multiple insects with their physiological descriptions and where they came from and gives us pharmaceutical solutions: "Cochineal whole dries female in central America raised on cactus, about 5 mm length." Other sections under the "Pharmacy" title include definitions such as "Organic drugs are drugs which contain carbon in a combustible form" and expansions into "Evidence of Poisoning" and "Physiological Antidotes" . there is a lot more in over 100 pages of handwritten notes on physiology, pharmacy and many scientific cures from the turn f the 20th century.
The third book also explores the subject of pharmacy, with many sections including "Methods of Medication," "Posology, a discourse on dosage," and Strophanthus," with passages including "Dosage is influenced by the method of administration." According to an interview published online, Washko was born December 16, 1889 in Shamokin, Pennsylvania near Northumberland Country and attended the University of Pittsburgh while he worked as the drugstore PC Shilling and Company. From the first notebook, the boards are slightly worn on the back and spine, with a slight crease in the middle of the front cover and is in good to very good condition. The other two have the boards in tact with little wear around the spine edges and are in very good condition.
A comprehensive look at the studies of pharmacy and chemistry in the early 1900s.