First EditionCESAR, Julius. C. Cesar's Commentaries, 1534. One of the earliest and rarest printed editions of the Caesaris Commentarii. Published by Sebastian Gryphius, Lyon, 1534. Octavo (6" x 4" inches), 592 pages. This edition includes 5 beautiful full-page woodcuts of Roman war machines; a double-page woodcut map showing Gaul, Germania, and a portion of Britannica; a second double page map depicting the Iberian Peninsula, which the book discusses in the later portions; as well as a woodcut of the printer’s device of a griffin to title page and final leaf. Julius Ceaser’s Commentaries, or Commentarii de Bello Gallico or Bellum Gallicum, is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative. In it Caesar describes in detail the Gallic and Germanic peoples, regions, and battles that took place in his nine year conquest of Gaul. The book includes Cesar's insightful views on warfare, but he also discusses the importance of leadership and morale building, intelligence gathering, the best use of cavalry versus infantry, and the preparation and fortification necessary for sieges, which brought Ceasar his ultimate victory against a superior number of forces in the Gallic Wars. Caesar's Latin style was considered from antiquity to be a brilliant model of narration. General Patton and Napoleon both read the Commentaries multiple times and considered it amongst of the most important texts on military history. This 1534 edition is further enhanced by the presence of contemporary 16th century handwritten notes in French in many pages of the margins of the text. Text in Latin. In very good condition: A few pages ruled in red, slight toning, intermittent light marginal stains, with mold to last gathering; title Julii Cesaris inked to spine, somewhat stained, faded early inscription to blank front free endpaper. Flaw to upper part of velum bound cover. A very scarce, beautifully illustrated edition of Caesar’s Commentaries. Extremely rare: OCLC Worldcat lists only two copies of this early edition at any institution worldwide; nor was it recorded in Dibdin's; while Moss's records only later Gryphium editions printed in Lyon.