PamphletWomen's Educational Movement. Chowan Baptist Female Institute Catalog 1877-1878. The Chowan Baptist Female Institute in Murfreesboro, North Carolina, became Chowan College in 1910 when it began awarding baccalaureate degrees. Unique piece of early Female Education history. Women's colleges proliferated in the mid- to late- 19th century to fill the void created by their exclusion from most institutions of higher education. The prevailing notion that women were too delicate for a rigorous academic education was openly challenged when Elizabeth Cady Stanton spoke at the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848, "Man's intellectual superiority cannot be a question until woman has had a fair trial…When we shall have had our colleges, our professions, our trades, for a century, a comparison then may be justly instituted." Young women were quick to step up to the challenge; as quickly as female colleges opened, they filled up. This document dates 10 years before Seneca Falls. Not copy could be found among Institutional Collections according to OCLC Worldcat.