Book SignedAmerican physician, research scientist, and author best known as a leading expert in the field of occupational health and a pioneer in the field of industrial toxicology during the first half of the 20th century. She was also the first woman appointed to the faculty of Harvard University. Her scientific research focused on the dangerous effects of industrial metals and chemical compounds on the human body. In addition, Hamilton was a social-welfare reformer, humanitarian, peace activist, and a resident-volunteer at Hull House in Chicago. She was the recipient of numerous honors, most notably the Lasker Award for public service. The title of her autobiography reflects her commitment to ending the ravages of industrial disease. Within three months of her death (at age 101) Congress passed the Occupational Safety and Health Act.